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Vines


Purple Clematis

Clematis occidentalis

Clématite verticillée

Family: Crowfoot (Ranunculaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG:
Backyard garden bed:
Flower colour: Mauve
Type: vine
Blooming time: Spring
Height:
Light requirements: Full to part sun
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Open woods. Sparse in the Ottawa area.

Wildlife use:

Notes: Grown from seed in 2009.

Propagation: Seed requires stratification for at least 3 months. Germination very slow - up to a month after seeds have been removed from refrigerator.

Provenance:



Virginia Clematis

Clematis virginiana

Clématite de Virginie

Family: Crowfoot (Ranunculaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden
Backyard garden bed: FR RO
Flower colour: White
Type: vine
Blooming time: Summer
Height: Vine
Light requirements: Sun to part shade
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Stream banks, thickets, wood edges. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Used by small bees and wasps.

Notes: Flowers are much smaller than horticultural varieties of clematis, but occur in clusters. Self-seeds. In the wild it climbs over shrubs and trees. Can be tied to a trellis, but better to allow it to grow over an arbor or fence.

Propagation: Easy to start from gathered wild seed; germination much higher after cold moist stratification for 4 months. Can also be propagated by "layering," i.e., cover part of the vine with soil until it produces roots, then separate from parent plant.

Provenance:



Wild Cucumber

Echinocystis lobata

Concombre sauvage

Family: Gourd (Cucurbitaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: West edge of Ash Woodlot; slope on east side of Interpretive Centre
Backyard garden bed:
Flower colour: White
Type: vine
Blooming time: Late summer
Height:
Light requirements: Sun to part shade
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Stream banks, moist thickets, clearings. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use:

Notes: This vine is an annual, but self seeds readily. Grows up and over shrubs; good choice to mask compost bins. Will grow on low fence. Susceptible to cold; wilts severely after first frost.

Propagation: Easy to grow from seeds. No special treatment needed. Seeds can be collected from spiny green fruit in early fall. Seeds are ripe when they are black with speckles - like large watermelon seeds - and fruit has split open at the bottotm. As fruit dries, the seeds fall out, so collecting period is short.

Provenance:



Wild Grape

Vitis riparia

Vigne des rivages

Family: Grape (Vitaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Hedgerow; edges of thickets
Backyard garden bed: FR
Flower colour: White
Type: vine
Blooming time: Summer
Height:
Light requirements: Full sun to part shade
Moisture requirements: Average to moist
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: River banks, thickets, forest edges. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Fruit is eaten by many birds and mammals in fall and winter: red and gray squirrels, cardinals, cedar and bohemian waxwings, robins, catbirds, and others. Also used by several species of moths found at the FWG, such as the grape-leaf-folder.

Notes: Greenish white to cream-coloured flowers; tart dark blue-black berries.

Propagation: Not tried.

Provenance: The vine on our front patio must have grown from a seed left by wildlife.



Virginia Creeper

Parthenocissus vitacea

Vigne vierge

Family: Grape (Vitaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden; Hedgerow; thickets
Backyard garden bed: EN
Flower colour: Greenish
Type: vine
Blooming time: Summer
Height: Not applicable
Light requirements: Full sun to part shade
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Clearings, forest edges, fence lines. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Dark blue berries are eaten by Cedar Waxwings, robins, other songbirds.

Notes: Climbing woody, perennial vine. Fast growing once it is established. Too heavy for a trellis, but can be trained to grow over a pergola. Established plants will send out shoots along the ground, then grow up over fences, shrubs, etc. Prune back severely.

Propagation: Not tried.

Provenance:



Trumpet Honeysuckle

Lonicera sempervirens

Chèvrefeuille toujours vert

Family: Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae)
Native to: North america
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden
Backyard garden bed: EN
Flower colour: Orange/coral
Type: Vine
Blooming time: Summer
Height:
Light requirements: Full sun
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Prefers moist, loamy soils.

Wildlife use: Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies.

Notes: Tolerates shade, but number of flowers proportional to amount of sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Blooms primarily on previous year's stems, so prune to shape after flowering.

Propagation: Not tried. Seeds seem to disappear soon after flowers die.

Provenance:



Allegheny vine

Adlumia fungosa

Adlumie fongueuse

Family: Fumitory (Fumariaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden
Backyard garden bed: EN
Flower colour: White to pale pink
Type: Vine
Blooming time: Summer
Height:
Light requirements: Sun
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Wooded or rocky slopes. Uncommon in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Unknown

Notes: Biennial vine. Delicate leaves and flowers. Related to bleeding heart and corydalis.

Propagation: Fairly easy to grow from seed.

Provenance: Unknown



American Bittersweet

Celastrus scandens

Bourreau-des-arbres

Family: Bittersweet (Celastraceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: New Woods
Backyard garden bed:
Flower colour: Yellowish-green
Type: vine
Blooming time: Spring
Height: Vine can grow longer than 30ft
Light requirements: Full sun
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Average
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Grows on rocky slopes, woodland areas and thickets, often it winds itself around trees.

Wildlife use: Berries attract many birds and critters.

Notes: Orange-red berries in fall. Berries are poisonous to humans. The vine will climb mature trees, but may damage smaller trees. Grows best along a fence or another support structure.

Propagation: The American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens) is a dioecious vine, bearing either male or female flowers. In order to produce flowers and fruits you must have a female and a male vine near each other for bees to pollinate the female.

Provenance: Seeds collected on Barryvale Road.



This page was revised on 11 February 2013
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