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Trees


Eastern White Cedar

Thuja occidentalis

CÚdre blanc

Family: Cypress (Cupressaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden; north of Ash Woodlot; New Woodlot
Backyard garden bed: FR
Flower colour: Male, yellowish; female, pinkish
Type: tree
Blooming time: Spring
Height: Up to 5 m (15')
Light requirements: Sun to part shade
Moisture requirements: Moist
Soil: Moist, loamy soil
pH: Neutral; tolerates acidic and alkaline soils

Natural habitat: Swampy areas and other places where soil is shallow, especially over flat limestone

Wildlife use: Good cover for wildlife and nesting sites for birds. Buds and seeds eaten by Common Redpoll and Pine Siskin. Seeds also eaten by red and grey squirrels.

Notes: Small tree. Easy to grow. Slow to moderate growth rate. Common hedge tree; can be sheared to maintain shape and size. Easily transplanted from containers; generally quite adaptable and tolerant once established. Dense fibrous root system good for stabilizing banks, especially along streams and rivers.

Propagation: Not tried.

Provenance: Ferguson Forest Nursery



Black Cherry

Prunus serotina

Cerisier tardif

Family: Rose (Rosaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Ash Woodlot
Backyard garden bed:
Flower colour: White
Type: tree
Blooming time: Spring
Height: 22 m at maturity
Light requirements: Sun to partial shade
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Moist, loamy soil
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Grows well on a variety of soils. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Many species of birds are attracted to the fruit. Larval food source for Canadian Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio canadensis), Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops), Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon).

Notes: Medium-sized tree; fast-growing when young. Trunk sinuous; branches arching with drooping tips; root system shallow, wide-spreading. High salt tolerance but low pollution tolerance.

White flowers; attractive, shiny dark green leaves; dark reddish black cherries are stringent but edible. Drought tolerant. Excellent as individual planting for home landscaping, parks, schools, natural areas. Good addition to windbreaks.

Propagation: Not tried.

Provenance:



Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

Cerisier Ó grappes

Family: Rose (Rosaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden; Hedgerow
Backyard garden bed: OM
Flower colour: White
Type: tree
Blooming time: Spring
Height: 4 m at maturity
Light requirements: Sun
Moisture requirements: Average to moist
Soil: Moist, loamy soil
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Riverbanks, roadside, edges of woods and swamps. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Dark red-purple astringent berries provide food for many birds. Larval food source for Canadian Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio canadensis), Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops), Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon).

Notes: Tall shrub or very small tree; trunk often crooked; branches upright. High salt tolerance. Grow in a shrub border, open woodland garden, bird garden, screen or informal hedge. Short-lived but fast growing (a good starter tree).

Propagation: Not tried.

Provenance:



Staghorn Sumac

Rhus typhina

Vinaigrier

Family: Cashew (Anacardiaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: Backyard Garden; north side of ravine near pond; south side of ravine opposite Interpretive Centre
Backyard garden bed: RO SO
Flower colour: Green
Type: tree
Blooming time: Early summer
Height: Up to 3-5 m at maturity
Light requirements: Full sun. Does not grow in shade.
Moisture requirements: Average to dry
Soil: Moist, loamy soil
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Sandy and rocky soils. Edges of roads. Common in the Ottawa region.

Wildlife use: Dense, hairy reddish fruit is important winter sustenance for Common Crow, Black-capped Chickadee, American Robin, Hermit Thrush, Gray Catbird, Brown Thrasher, European Starling, Northern Cardinal.

Notes: Showy autumn foliage. Spreads aggressively by underground roots. Good for stabilizing slopes or in hard-to-cover areas with poor soils or for naturalizing in wild areas. High salt tolerance. Can be very attractive in a small front yard, where it is bounded by road, sidewalks, etc. In a backyard setting, need to watch for shoots which come up 20 to 50 feet from the parent and grow very quickly.

Propagation: Not tried.

Provenance:



Hop Hornbeam, Ironwood

Ostrya virginiana

Family: Birch (Betulaceae)
Native to: Eastern Ontario
Location at the FWG: AW
Backyard garden bed:
Flower colour:
Type: tree
Blooming time: Early spring
Height: 8-12 m
Light requirements: Shade tolerant
Moisture requirements: Average
Soil: Moist, loamy soil
pH: Neutral

Natural habitat: Mixed or deciduous woods

Wildlife use: "One of the very few woody plants avoided by herbivores" Kock (2008). Host plant for several moths.

Notes:

Propagation: Seeds mature in October. Can be sown outside or to improve germination, warm-stratify for 60 days, then cold for 150 days.

Provenance:



This page was revised on 11 February 2013
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