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Trees and shrubs of the FWG


Note: * indicates non-native species

Taxonomic order

TAXACEAEYews
Taxus sp.Yew*
 
PINACEAE Pines
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir
Larix decidua European Larch*
Larix laricina Tamarack
Picea abies Norway Spruce*
Picea glauca White Spruce
Picea pungens? Blue Spruce*
Pinus resinosa Red Pine
Pinus strobus White Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scotch Pine*
 
CUPRESSACEAE Cypresses
Juniperus sp. Juniper
Juniperus virginiana Red Juniper (Red Cedar)
Thuja occidentalis Eastern White Cedar
 
MAGNOLIACEAE Magnolias
Liriodendron tulifera Tulip Tree
Magnolia sp. Magnolia*
 
SALICACEAE Willows
Populus deltoides Cottonwood
Populus grandidentata Large-toothed Aspen
Populus tremuloides Trembling Aspen
Salix sp. Willow sp.
Salix discolor Pussy Willow
 
JUGLANDACEAE Hickories
Juglans cinerea Butternut, S3 (cultivar)
Juglans nigra Black Walnut
 
BETULACEAE Birches
Alnus rugosa Speckled alder
Betula sp. Birch
Betula lutea Yellow birch
Betula pendula European birch*
Carpinus caroliniana Blue beech (Musclewood, Hornbeam)
Corylus cornuta Beaked hazel
 
FAGACEAE Oaks
Fagus grandifolia Beech
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak
Quercus rubra Red Oak
 
ULMACEAE Elms
Celtis occidentalis Hackberry
Celtis sp. Hackberry sp.*
Ulmus americana American Elm
Ulmus pumila? Chinese Elm*
Ulmus thomasi Rock Elm*
 
BERBERIDACEAE Barberries
Berberis vulgarisCommon Barberry*
Mahonia sp. Mahonia*
 
GROSSULARIACAEAE Currants
Ribes aureum Golden Currant*
 
HAMAMELIDACEAE Witch-hazels
Hamamelis virginiana Witch-hazel
 
ROSACEAE Roses
Amelanchier sp. Serviceberry sp.
Crataegus sp. Hawthorn (several species)
Crataegus monogyna English Hawthorn*
Malus spp. Crabapple*
Malus sylvestris Domestic Apple*
Physocarpus opulifolius Ninebark
Prunus nigra Canada Plum
Prunus pensylvanica Pin Cherry
Prunus serotina Black Cherry
Prunus virginiana Choke Cherry
Rosa sp. Rose*
Rubus idaeus Red Raspberry
Rubus odoratus Red-flowering Raspberry
Sorbus sp. Mountain Ash*
Spiraea alba Meadowsweet
 
FABACEAE Beans
Caragana arborescens Pea Shrub*
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust*
 
BUXACEAE Boxwoods
Buxus sempervirens Boxwood*
 
RUTACEAE Rues
Phellodendron amurense Amur Corktree*
 
ANACARDIACEAE Cashews
Rhus typhina Staghorn Sumac
 
CELASTRACEAE Staff-trees
Celastrus orbiculata Asian Bittersweet*
Celastrus scandens Bittersweet
Euonymus sp. Euonymus*
Euonymus alata? Burning Bush*
 
ACERACAE Maples
Acer ginnala Amur Maple*
Acer negundo Manitoba Maple*
Acer nigrum Black Maple
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple
Acer platinoides Norway Maple*
Acer rubrum Red Maple
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple
Acer saccharum Sugar maple
 
HIPPOCASTANACEAE Horse-chestnuts
Aesculus sp. Buckyeye sp.*
 
RHAMNACEAEBuckthorns
Rhamnus cathartica Common Buckthorn*
Rhamnus frangula Glossy Buckthorn*
 
TILIACEAELindens
Tilia americana Basswood
Tilia sp. Linden*
 
CORNACEAEDogwoods
Cornus alternifolia Alternate-leaved dogwood
Cornus rugosa Round-leaved Dogwood
Cornus stolonifera Red Osier Dogwood
 
OLEACEAE Olives
Fraxinus americana White Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash, River Ash, Red Ash
Ligustrum vulgare European privet
Syringa vulgaris Lilac* (many cultivars)
 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE Honeysuckles
Lonicera × bella Showy Bush Honeysuckle*
Lonicera morrowii Morrow's Honeysuckle*
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian Honeysuckle*
Sambucus canadensis Canada Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry
Symphoricarpos albus Snowberry
Viburnum cassinoides Wild Raisin, Witherod
Viburnum lantana Wayfaring Tree*
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry
Viburnum trilobum High-bush Cranberry
Wiegela sp. Weigela*
 
STAPHYLEACEAEBladdernuts
Staphylea trifolia Bladdernut shrub

This page was revised on 6 April 2013
Text: Christine Hanrahan, OFNC
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